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Academic Disciplines

Disciplines = Branches of knowledge or of teaching which are . . .
Academic = liberal or classical rather than technical or vocational.

The goal of the Academic, Training, Innovation and Research unit of BSTE,CG is to achieve academic excellence by conceptualising policies and their operational planning to ensure balanced academic activities in the schools affiliated to the Board. The Unit strives to provide Scheme of Studies, curriculum, academic guidelines, textual material, support material, enrichment activities and capacity building programmes.

Some Major Objectives of The Unit Are:
  • To define appropriate approaches of academic activities to provide stress free, child centred and holistic education to all children without compromising on quality
  • To analyse and monitor the quality of academic activities by collecting the feedback from different stakeholders.
  • To develop norms for implementation of various academic activities including quality issues.
  • To control and coordinate the implementation of various academic and training programmes of the Board.
  • To organize academic activities and to supervise other agencies involved in the process.
  • To adapt and innovate methods to achieve academic excellence in conformity with psychological, pedagogical and social principles.
  • To encourage schools to document the progress of students in a teacher and student friendly way.
  • To propose plans to achieve quality benchmarks in school education consistent with the National goals.
Academic Disciplines are often arranged in order of exactitude or predictability, from . . .

1. Fine Arts (e.g., Music, Art, Theater) Goal = Aesthetic appreciation of the activity of creating inspiring things. Method = Performing.

2. Humanities (e.g., Classics, English, History, Philosophy, Modern Languages) Goal = Understanding the uniqueness of the human mind and spirit. Method = Historical and Critical.

3. Social Sciences (e.g., Anthropology, Communication, Economics, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology)
Goal = Explain, predict, and control human behavior.
Method = Empirical (Descriptive and Experimental).

Two divisions:
*General (generalized study of human actions):
Anthropology: study of the origin, culture, and development of people.
Psychology: study of the individual's mental processes and behavior.
Sociology: study of human beings in interdependence.
*Concrete (study of human actions defined by their ends):
Communication: study of how, why, and with what effect people use symbols.
Economics: study of the production, distribution, and consumption of commodities.
Political Science: study of human behavior in government and politics.

4. Sciences (e.g., Life Sciences such as Botany, Biology, and Zoology; and Physical Sciences such as Chemistry, Physics, and Astronomy)
Goal = Explain, predict, and control nature.
Method = Empirical (Descriptive and Experimental).

Three divisions:
*In physical sciences, functions are non-purposive; they are automatic and indifferent. *In Botany, functions are purposive; they sustain life, but without awareness.
*In Biology, functions are purposive; they sustain life, and neural systems give awareness of present (sense of well being) and memory of past.

5. Mathematics
Goal = Understand abstract relationships.
Method = Theoretical and Logical.
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